HoS 59 It’s War! - Members Only

      In 1641, Charles was encouraged by the faithful Strafford to use a firm hand to bring the Scots to heel. Here’s how that strategy went for him.    

    HoS 58 Revolution - Members Only

      The Scottish parliament of 1640 was genuinely revolutionary, re-defining the relationship between king and his subjects, creating effectively a new (unwritten) constitution and government – the Committee of Estates

    HoS 57 A National Covenant - Members Only

    The national Covenant was an extraordinary mobilisation of public will in the face of widely feared religious changes. It drew on traditional forms – but the process was revolutionary TranscriptRead More

    HoS 56 Who Will Do Me Service - Members Only

    Charles I finally visited his kingdom in 1633 – 8 years after acceding the the throne, and his passage there was preceded by rumour and worry. The Coronation and parliament couldRead More

    HoS 54 King of Britain - Members Only

    In 1603 James VI also became James I of England. for the rest of his reign he would be an absentee in Scotland, except one visit in 1617. Would theRead More

    HoS 52 National Building - Members Only

      The urge to build a stronger sense of nationhood was a common movement throughout Europe, extending the effectiveness of central governance, law and public finance. In banishing factionalism, James wasRead More